A great summary by Westphal (p229)
- Freud: ontological weakness seeking consolation
- Marx: sociological power seeking legitimation
- Nietzsche: sociological power seeking revenge
Although Nietzche was the most fascinating of the three, the critique Westphal presents doesn't feel as sharp, perhaps the element of surprise has been lost by working through previous two sections or perhaps the role of religious leaders in our Modern Western culture has been diminished in recent times? "It comes as no surprise that Nietzsche interprets the priest as an expression of the will to power" (p240). But the lack of sting makes Westphal's observation no less true or important:
"When Nietzsche argues that physical, political, or spiritual incapacity to do evil is not virtue but rather, when it pretends to be, sheer hypocrisy, it may well be that he is doing something very much like what Jesus and the prophets did, protesting against a corruption of the spiritual life that disguises itself with a veneer of spirituality" (p251).
Essentially Nietzsche's obsession with the "will to power" reveals that "we can easily be fascists, for example, in the manner we apply or extend non-fascist values" (p255).